Norma McCorvey a single pregnant woman in Texas sought an abortion. But during that time Texas Law didn’t allow abortions unless performed or obtained to save the life of the mother.
To protect her privacy McCorvey filed suit in district court under the name Jane Roe against Henry Wade who was the district attorney in the Texas county where McCorvey sought an abortion.
She argued that the abortion ban was unconstitutional and asked the court to issue an order that would stop Texas from enforcing the law. The District Court found the Texas restriction on abortion unconstitutional and violates rights reserved for people under the Ninth Amendment.
However, the court didn’t issue an injunction to prevent Texas from enforcing its ban. So nothing really changed for really for Norma McCorvey. She then appealed directly to the Supreme Court.
In 1973 the United States Supreme Court issued its decision in Roe versus Wade. It was immediate and far-reaching expanding the right to privacy under the Fourteenth Amendment and altering the legal landscape on the issue of abortion across the country.